The authors note that more research is required to determine individual patients' risks, however. For kidney disease patients who must undergo dialysis, specialists recommend an arteriovenous fistula, which is established by connecting patient's have vein and artery to create a long-lasting site by which blood could be removed and returned. Alternatively, a patient might use an arteriovenous graft, which is a plastic material conduit between an artery and a vein. Many patients use a catheter instead for several reasons, including inadequate preparation for dialysis, avoidance of procedure or fear of needles, as attachment to the dialysis machine via a catheter does not need needles.There are cravings, an escalation of tolerance amounts, and dramatic withdrawal symptoms connected with glucose addiction that parallel that of both prescription and nonprescription street drugs. Furthermore, sugar addicts frequently become narcotic addicts, based on the above study. The scholarly research, performed at California Condition University, found that kids of alcoholic parents frequently had a nice tooth, and were much more likely to be alcoholics themselves if they became adults.